Based on archaeological evidence from cave deposits, our use of rocks can, in the Yorkshire Dales, be traced back 12,000 years. In the more recent past, some parts of the North Yorkshire Geodiversity Partnership Area were quite industrial with quarries for building and roofing stone, lime kilns and lead and coal mines. Their remains are part of the countryside heritage that we appreciate today. The area is still economically important, providing us with crushed rock aggregate from modern quarries, which is used for building and road construction. In addition to what is naturally exposed, old quarries and mines can show us important things about the rocks. They are useful for teaching, scientific understanding, recreation, and the preservation of our geological heritage. We all benefit from the use of the natural resources and great efforts are made to fit our modern needs in with our use of the countryside.